MCB Group Limited (MCBG.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Financial sector has released it’s 2006 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about MCB Group Limited (MCBG.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the MCB Group Limited (MCBG.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: MCB Group Limited (MCBG.mu) 2006 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileMCB Group Limited is a financial holdings company that, together with the several subsidiaries running under it, operates in three clusters; banking, non-banking financial and other investments. The non-banking financial sector is involved in factoring and leasing while the MCB Capital Markets Limited offers services such as corporate finance advisory, asset management, stockbroking, private equity and registry. The Group also assists micro and small entrepreneurs. The services offered by the company include, offers current, savings, and foreign currency accounts; fixed and term deposits; personal, educational, motor, green, and housing loans; term loans; and working capital finance, term funding¸ structured finance, private equity finance, and leasing services, as well as credit and prepaid cards. MCB Group Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/790792/house-in-mt-dongmang-2m2-architects Clipboard House in Mt. Dongmang / 2m2 architects Project gallerySee allShow lessHouse with a Doma Salon / Takashi Okuno & AssociatesSelected ProjectsThe Netherlands’ Tallest Timber Tower to be Built in AmsterdamArchitecture News Share Photographs: Shin KyungsubSave this picture!© Shin KyungsubText description provided by the architects. The land available for the new building is located in the foothills of the Mt. Dongmang in a small village called Gabaeri in Geoje, Gyeongsangnam-do. This place is quiet and its scenery is really beautiful and, moreover, possesses a charm of its own since it has a sea view. The building owners are a couple who currently live in Tongyeong but operate a fish farm here. They were planning to build a house to live with elderly mother and their daughter and met an architect on the recommendation of their daughter to start to build a little special house.Save this picture!© Shin KyungsubWhen I first visited the site, the construction has been preceded by a local civil engineering contractor while piling up boulder stone randomly and dividing the land as well. It leaves much to be desired since the land was formed uniformly and it ignores the flow of landform and difference of elevation, too. As the land is ripe with potential in the relationship with nature, so I decided to take advantage of it.Save this picture!© Shin KyungsubFor the client, the sea means home, ground for living and life. So above all, the greatest focus was set on their relationship with the sea. ‘Younghaeawon(迎海雅院)’ which represent a house greeting sea was made into structure open to the sea in order to be a shelter to keep in tune with the sea. As a one-storied house, reed field in the rear of house and Mt. Dongmang beyon were used as a background.Save this picture!© Shin KyungsubSince the satisfaction of users is most important in a house where people live every day, they So I focused on organizing space composition which is satiable for their lifestyle. In addition, I also considered new proposal that can enrich the spatial experience. By placing a entrance between a living room and a kitchen, I made the transition area. And by installing a large door pockets, and so it can be used as a living room as a large room. In the middle of the corridor, I proposed a family room as a buffer space of the indoor and outdoor. As limestone is used as a finishing material of the outer wall toward the inner wall, it was differentiated from the living room.Save this picture!© Shin KyungsubSave this picture!PlanSave this picture!© Shin KyungsubIn the case of exposed concrete, it is far unused material in this fishing village. However, I used combination of familiar materials e.g. stone and wood in order to look familiar. It requires much efforts for me to pay attention in detail to express each property of matter. Through many discussions and cooperation with contractors, it was realized one by one gradually.Save this picture!© Shin KyungsubRecently, a variety of construction-related information can be obtained easily. Thus, there’s an increase demand for a house: house in which resident can enjoy modern edge and new experience, and residential house suitable for individuality of resident and stable and clean house. In addition, client’s level has increased to distinguish a fine house. Although ‘Younghaeawon(迎海雅院)’ is a house located in a small fishing village, it proves that the house made with new material and format that architect tried with the full understanding and support of building owner and also, it looks very beautiful and goes well with nature. Moreover, it increase the satisfaction of users in order that they can feel that fine building makes their life happier. CopyHouses•Geoje, South Korea Architects: 2m2 architects Area Area of this architecture project House in Mt. Dongmang / 2m2 architectsSave this projectSaveHouse in Mt. Dongmang / 2m2 architects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/790792/house-in-mt-dongmang-2m2-architects Clipboard Year: ArchDaily Houses South Korea “COPY” Photographs Save this picture!© Shin Kyungsub+ 26 Share Area: 265 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” Projects 2016 CopyAbout this office2m2 architectsOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesGeojeSouth KoreaPublished on July 19, 2016Cite: “House in Mt. Dongmang / 2m2 architects” 19 Jul 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/934082/the-provider-house-natura-futura-arquitectura Clipboard CopyMixed Use Architecture, Housing•Montalvo, Ecuador Architects: Natura Futura Arquitectura Area Area of this architecture project ArchDaily The Provider Productive Center / Natura Futura Arquitectura Save this picture!© JAG Studio+ 20Curated by Clara Ott Share “COPY” Year: Mixed Use Architecture CopyAbout this officeNatura Futura ArquitecturaOfficeFollowProductBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsMixed Use ArchitectureResidential ArchitectureHousingMontalvoOn FacebookEcuadorPublished on February 20, 2020Cite: “The Provider Productive Center / Natura Futura Arquitectura” [Centro Productivo La Proveedora / Natura Futura Arquitectura] 20 Feb 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Facebook ReddIt TCU removes Phi Kappa Sigma for hazing and other misconduct + posts TCU students receive evacuation text by mistake TCU rowing program strengthens after facing COVID-19 setbacks Grant McGalliardhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/grant-mcgalliard/ ReddIt Grant McGalliard is a senior journalism and political science major from Bay City, Texas. He’s worked in everything from sports to student organizations at TCU, and recently began blogging with the Dallas Morning News. In his spare time, Grant enjoys tweeting far too much, pretending he knows more than he does about Premier League soccer, and listening to the music of Kanye West. Grant McGalliardhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/grant-mcgalliard/ Grant McGalliardhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/grant-mcgalliard/ Phi Kappa Sigma executive director, chapter president respond to dismissal Baseball season recap: Rebuilding turns to reloading after surprise CWS trip Josh Doctson is projected to be a first-round pick this year. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez) Linkedin Grant McGalliardhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/grant-mcgalliard/ Grant McGalliard Twitter printWide receiver Josh Doctson was the first Frog off the board, going No. 22 overall to the Washington Redskins.Who’s next?While this senior class put up big numbers in purple and white, NFL draft experts aren’t as high on the Horned Frogs as the statistical numbers might suggest. Still, there are 253 picks in the draft, and there will almost definitely be some new TCU players in the league next year.We compiled draft previews from four main sources — Sports Illustrated, NFL.com, CBSSports.com, and SBNation — into our Horned Frog draft guide. Here’s a look at where the five TCU players most likely to be drafted might go. (Players are in alphabetical order, not projected draft order.)QB Trevone Boykin: 6’0″, 212 lbs, 4.77 40-yard dashProjected Pick: UndraftedBoykin, a Heisman Trophy contender and a certifiable Horned Frog legend, was always going to be a long shot to earn a high draft pick — he’s undersized and labeled as a “system quarterback,” according to NFL.com. His arrest in December before the Alamo Bowl didn’t help, and now he faces an uphill climb to be drafted at all.He’s not listed in the top-20 quarterbacks on SBNation, and he’s 18th on Sports Illustrated’s list. SI has him as the 273rd best player available, which puts him outside of the draft pool.TCU fans will be pulling for Boykin to sneak into the lower rounds, and some other national media outlets are advocating for him to be drafted by the Chargers or Cowboys. But in all likelihood, Boykin will need to hope to get picked up as an undrafted free agent in order to hang on to an NFL team.WR Josh Doctson: 6’2″, 202 lbs. 4.50 40-yard dashProjected Pick: #24 overall, Cincinnati BengalsOf all the players from TCU in this year’s draft, Doctson is projected to have the best future in the NFL.SBNation declared him one of the most well-rounded receivers in the draft pool, and NFL.com projects him to be an immediate No. 2 receiver for a team with a hole to fill. Doctson has elite pass-catching ability and a nose for the ball, but he’ll need to continue to work on his strength to compete against professional cornerbacks.There’s been a lot of talk about where Doctson will fall in a loaded wide receiver draft. He, Laquan Treadwell from Ole Miss, and Baylor’s Corey Coleman are all projected to be picked around No. 20. Doctson worked out with the Texans this week and the Vikings have been a consistent pick to select him, but don’t be surprised if he winds up with fellow TCU grad Andy Dalton in Cincinnati.RB Aaron Green: 5’11”, 203 lbs. 4.56 40-yard dash (recorded at TCU pro day)Projected Pick: 7th roundGreen transferred to TCU from Nebraska and made an immediate impact in the TCU spread offense. He was a versatile weapon, running out of the spread option and catching some balls in the secondary — most notably his game-winning catch against Texas Tech — but his small size will be a liability in the NFL.He also, as CBSSports points out, tends to run more east-west than north-south. He’s got great lateral quickness, and uses it to shake defenders, but he needs to run straight ahead more often.These limitations put him behind running backs like Ezekiel Elliot and Derrick Henry — Sports Illustrated ranks him as the 15th best back in the draft. Still, his ability to evade tacklers will earn him a place in the NFL, and he should make his way onto a team in the last two rounds.S Derrick Kindred: 5’10”, 207 lbs. 4.46 40-yard dash (recorded at TCU Pro Day)Projected Pick: 6th-7th RoundKindred gets knocked for being more of a hitter than a coverage man, but that’s mostly because he’s extremely skilled at delivering blows to receivers. His stocky frame and nose for the ball allows him to prevent receivers from making big plays after the catch.He scored two touchdowns on eight interceptions during his time at TCU, so he has some return skills, but those eight interceptions belie the fact that his coverage skills have room for improvement. TCU gave up a lot of deep balls last year, and Kindred was part of that secondary unit.His physical skills alone should earn him a place in the NFL, even if it’s on a kick coverage team, where he excelled as a Horned Frog. Kindred should latch on to a team in a later round.WR Kolby Listenbee: 6’0″, 197 lbs. 4.39 40-yard dash Projected Pick: 3th-5th RoundListenbee is known for his speed, and there’s good reason for that — he’s a two-time Track All-American at TCU. He’s made some highlight catches and is always a deep threat.The downside to Listenbee is that he was basically only used as a deep threat in the Horned Frog offense. CBSSports noted that his route tree was severely limited, and he’ll have to develop that in the NFL to succeed.With his speed, however, he’s impossible to pass up. There’s a wide variety of opinions on him — Sports Illustrated ranks him as the 26th best receiver and the 190th best prospect overall, whereas CBSSports pegs him as the 11th best receiver and the 90th ranked prospect. Expect Listenbee to go in the middle rounds, from 3-5. Twitter Another series win lands TCU Baseball in the top 5, earns Sikes conference award Previous articleCOMMENTARY: Allen West’s appearance at TCUNext articleFor TCU students, pathway largely paved for landing internships, jobs Grant McGalliard RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Linkedin TCU baseball finds their biggest fan just by saying hello
UzbekistanEurope – Central Asia Organisation News Islam Karimov, who was re-elected head ofstate on 23 December 2007, exercises very tightcontrol over the Internet. Websites do not haveto register with the authorities, buteverything is centralised and thegovernment blocks access tomost independent sites that criticiseits policies. State network,UzPak, has been the only one inthe country since 2005 and all accessproviders have to connect viathis network. However, a few ofthe 447 private companies that deal in accessare intermittently connected to the Russian network.However, for 17 years, the president has ceaselesslyexpressed his wish to see citizens expressingthemselves freely. The network hastherefore developed and the number of usersnever ceases to grow. But diversity of opinion isnot to be expected. Russian blog platform Livejournalwas blocked in February 2009 by Uzbekaccess providers because it posted photos of alocal businessman. But LiveJournal is one ofUzbekistan’s most popular sites and the accessproviders put an end to this censorship once thenews appeared on the Russian Web, whichboasts 38 million Internet users.Opposition gradually eliminatedIn 2005, the journalist and nephew to the president,Djamshid Karimov, was forcibly admittedto a psychiatric hospital after posting a series ofarticles on the website of the independentUzbek news agency Ferghana.ru focusing oncorruption of the local administration and thestate of the peasantry in the Jizzak region. Hisadmission took place, in October 2006, eventhough the doctors admitted that he was “awell-balanced man in good health, intelligentand educated”. The same year, the editor of anindependent news website Tribune-uz.info decidedto suspend its online work after comingunder pressure.Since 2005, the stance of the foreign ministryhas however been clear: “Uzbekistan does nothave the capacity or the technical knowledge toblock access to the Internet”. However somewebsites figure on the list of “sources of informationthat provide destructive news” andthreatening “security of information”, of whichthe government acknowledges the existencebut keeps secret. It generally concerns independentnews websites and those which defendhuman rights. The website registan.net, whichdeals with political questions in central Asia,was blocked without any official reason beinggiven, on 15 March 2007. In July 2006, the websitesNeweurasia.net andUzmetronom.org were also made inaccessibleby the government.Since the start of 2008, the websiteuzngo.info, which is not howeverseen by the authorities as an oppositionsite was also blocked. Its editor,Alexey Dobryin, described it as“provocation on the part of the authorities”. “Theblocking of the site came just after the victory ofIslam Karimov although he has not ceased toclaim for 17 years that the people want to bepart of a real civil society. It is highly regrettablethat the Communications and InformationAgency of Uzbekistan, which a number of talentedand competent people work for, is muchlike George Orwell’s ‘Ministry of Truth’”, he said.The site was one of the most reliable sources ofinformation about civil society.The law on media freedom, adopted in 2003,imposes a series of restrictions on the circulationof news online. Article 4 lays down that “thefreedom to inform the public can be limited inthe name of the protection (…) of the community’smoral values, national security and thecountry’s spiritual, cultural and scientific potential”.The vague formulation of these principlesleaves wide scope for interpretation and for extensiveand abusive censorship. The same istrue of other articles that invoke the “preservationof cultural and historic values” or “socialstability”. An amendment was made to the lawon 15 January 2007, defining websites asmedia, giving the government even greater controlover this space.More information :http://uzbekistan.neweurasia.net : collaborativewebsite on Uzbekistan. The website Neweurasiais a platform for central Asian blogs (English,Russian, Uzbek, Kazakh, Tajik, and Kirghiz).http://ferghana.ru : independent news agencyfor countries of central Asia (Russian and English).http://www.centrasia.ru : news website on centralAsia (Russian).http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=24840 :“Islam Karimov everywhere, elections nowhere!”Reporters Without Borders report on media coverageof the 2007 presidential campaign.http://www.eurasianet.org : news websiteEurasianet.http://www.rferl.org/featuresarchive/country/uzbekistan.html : Uzbeck service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.http://eng.bir.uz/news : National news agency(Russian, Uzbek, English). New press freedom predators elected to UN Human Rights Council News to go further RSF_en Help by sharing this information May 11, 2021 Find out more More than six years in prison for Uzbek blogger who covered corruption UzbekistanEurope – Central Asia March 12, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Uzbekistan Domain name : .uzPopulation : 27,780,059Internet users : 2,400,000Average price of an hour’s connection in acybercafé : not availableAverage monthly salary : about 50 eurosNumber of private access providers : 447Number of imprisoned bloggers : 0Until 2006, more citizens of Uzbekistan hadInternet access than had mobile phones.This is how the political opposition gets outits messages, something that PresidentIslam Karimov wants to prevent. Uzbek blogger facing possible 10-year jail term Receive email alerts Follow the news on Uzbekistan News News February 11, 2021 Find out more October 15, 2020 Find out more
Help by sharing this information More on the situation in IngushetiyaChronology : “We welcome opening of criminal investigation in Lithuania in response to our complaint against Lukashenko” RSF says News Magomed Yevloyev, the site’s owner and a government opponent, was murdered while held by the security forces in the new capital, Magas, on 31 August. He was arrested by interior ministry officials who were waiting for him as he disembarked from a plane at Magas airport. He managed to call Malsagova and tell her: “Roza, they are taking me away.” He was found dead a few hours later.The authorities say his death was an accident, that he was killed when he tried to grab a gun from one of the policemen and it went off. A criminal investigation is under way into the possibility that his death was a case of “murder through negligence.”Malsagova, who fled to France with her three children seeking political asylum a few weeks ago, is convinced the authorities are lying. “This is a political murder that was masterminded by President Murat Zyazikov,” she told Reporters Without Borders.Since exchanging those last few words with Yevloyev,” she says she no longer sees “any way forward.” The two had met in Paris on 26 August to discuss the future. Ingushetiya.ru is the only local website covering the unrest and violence in Ingushetia, but a Russian court ruled in June that access to the site should be blocked because of its “extremist” content.As the website’s owner and editor, Yevloyev and Malsagova were also being prosecuted, while contributors to the site who are still in Russia are threatened. Some have gone into hiding or keep changing their place of residence. Although he knew he was in danger, Yevloyev decided to make a brief trip to Ingushetia. President Zyazikov happened to be on the plane that he took from Moscow to Magas, and according to an unconfirmed report, they got into an argument during the flight.As Yevloyev was being buried on 1 September, a street protest was launched at the request of Magomed Khazbiyev, one of the opposition leaders, to demand the president’s resignation and an impartial investigation into Yevloyev’s death. Special troops dispersed the demonstration the following morning.Listen to Magomed Yevloev (in Russian) Roza Malsagova, the editor of the Ingushetiya.ru website, Ingushetia’s only source of independent news and information, has just lost an ally in her struggle against the government’s determination to suppress all coverage of human rights abuses in this southern Russian republic, which adjoins Chechnya and which is contaminated by the region’s conflicts. News RSF_en Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown Related documents ChronologyPDF – 72.38 KB BelarusEurope – Central Asia BelarusEurope – Central Asia News Around 20 people including Malsagova demonstrated outside the Russian embassy in Paris yesterday to press the authorities to shed light on Yevloyev’s death and all the other violence taking place in Ingushetia. The protesters asked to speak embassy officials, who said it would not be possible today but suggested they ask again another day.Ingushetiya.ru was founded in 2001 with the support of Zyazikov, a former KGB general. But all links between Zyazikov and the website’s staff were severed after he became president in April 2002 and gradually began to systematically crack down on all those who challenged his rule.Financed by Yevloyev, the site continued to post reports about disappearances in Ingushetia and photos of the places were civilians kidnapped by the Russia army were held or executed. In an attempt to combat Ingushetiya.ru’s reports, Zyazikov created a pro-government website in March of this year with a very similar web address: http://ingushetiyaru.net.Ingush ISPs were ordered to block access to Ingushetiya.ru in April, as a result of which the website’s journalists began publishing their articles in leaflets that were distributed on the streets of Nazran, the former capital. In July, they obtained a list of members of the FSB (the successor to the KGB), who were allegedly involved in the disappearances of civilians. After the list was published, Yevloyev was threatened and Malsagova’s phone was tapped. The site was definitively blocked on the order of a Russian court order on 12 August.Ingushetia’s civilian population is paying a high price for Zyazikov’s attempts to put down an ongoing Islamist rebellion. The threat of reprisals is used to ensure that nothing is said about the kidnappings, summary executions and torture. With anti-terrorist operations, bombings and raids by unidentified armed groups, the horrors taking place in Ingushetia are comparable to the worst moments of the war in Chechnya. June 2, 2021 Find out more to go further News September 4, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Website owner’s last words to his editor: “Roza, they are taking me away” Organisation May 28, 2021 Find out more RSF at the Belarusian border: “The terrorist is the one who jails journalists and intimidates the public” May 27, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Belarus Receive email alerts Roza Malsagova, the editor of the Ingushetiya.ru website, Ingushetia’s only source of independent news and information, has just lost an ally in her struggle against the government’s determination to suppress all coverage of human rights abuses in this southern Russian republic, which adjoins Chechnya and which is contaminated by the region’s conflicts.
The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Share Save Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 1 day ago Historically low interest rates and sustained strength in numerous economic sectors have helped jump the for-sale housing market this year. However, the housing industry is bearing a particularly harsh brunt of COVID-19—especially in terms of a scarcity of affordable rental housing, unequal access to good-quality homes, and vulnerability of much of the housing stock to natural disasters. Harvard University’s Joint Center for Housing Studies has released the 2020 State of the Nation’s Housing report, which highlights these housing industry challenges.Renters earning under $25,000 yearly were much more likely to report lost employment income since the March shutdown as of the waning days of September. During this period, over 50% of lowest-income renters experienced dwindling wages. In comparison, 41% of all households–and around one in five renters earning less than $25,000 reported being behind on rent.While state and federal moratoriums have so far put a partial brake on evictions, in light of the lack of federal aid, payments have been missed by a number of households that might not be in a position to cover their back rents. Consequently, eviction and possible homelessness could become inevitable.Also hit disproportionately hard have been homeowners, households of color, and low wage earners. A total of 36% of all homeowners reported the loss of income between March and September while the shares top out at 44% among owners earning under $25,000, with Black owners at 41%, Hispanic, 49%. Toward the end of September, 7% of White homeowners were behind on mortgage payments compared to 18% of Hispanic owners, 17% of Black owners, and 12% of Asians owners.In October, the FHFA released its Annual Housing Report, which outlines Freddie Mac’s and Fannie Mae’s 2019 affordable housing activities, fulfilling a requirement of 1992’s Safety and Soundness Act, and more, according to TheMReport.com.In addition to describing the GSE’s affordable housing-related actions, the report provided information about single-family loan GSE purchases broken down by race or ethnicity, gender, census tract median income, fixed-rate vs. adjustable-rate, loan-to-value ratio, and credit score, according to the introduction.Some examples of single-family goals, outlined in the report:A low-income home purchase goal for home purchase mortgages to families with incomes no greater than 80% of area median income (AMI);A very low-income home purchase goal for home purchase mortgages to families with incomes no greater than 50% of AMI;A low-income areas home purchase subgoal for home purchase mortgages to families living in census tracts, with tract incomes no greater than 80% of AMI, or families with incomes no greater than 100% of AMI who live in census tracts with a minority population of 30% or more, and a tract median income of less than 100% of AMI;The report also delves into subprime, nontraditional, and higher-priced mortgage loan data.Finally, the document includes information about the national mortgage market based on the National Mortgage Database (NMDB), a program jointly funded and managed by FHFA and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, designed to provide a robust source of information about the U.S. mortgage market.The new State of the Nation’s Housing report is available in its entirety here. Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 1 day ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, News 2020-11-19 Cristin Espinosa Home / Daily Dose / The American Housing Industry’s Biggest Challenges The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Previous: FHFA Announces Milestone Toward Ending Conservatorships Next: How Mortgage Servicers Can Turn COVID’s Biggest Challenges into Customer Retention Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 1 day ago The American Housing Industry’s Biggest Challenges Print This Post About Author: Chuck Green Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Related Articles Chuck Green has contributed to the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Chicago Tribune and others covering various industries, including real estate, business and banking, technology, and sports. Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 1 day ago November 19, 2020 1,274 Views Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 1 day ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 1 day ago Subscribe
News UpdatesPayment Of Fine Is A Mode Of Punishment; Can’t Be A Condition For Bail : Jharkhand HC [Read Order] Akshita Saxena22 April 2020 11:26 PMShare This – xThe Jharkhand High Court has held that the Court cannot impose ‘any condition’ that it likes while granting bail and that the conditions laid down in a bail order have to be in consonance with the object and purpose of grant of bail. The observation made by the High Court is two-fold: Imposition of fines amount to imposition of “punishment”, in terms of IPC.Grant of bail is not…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Jharkhand High Court has held that the Court cannot impose ‘any condition’ that it likes while granting bail and that the conditions laid down in a bail order have to be in consonance with the object and purpose of grant of bail. The observation made by the High Court is two-fold: Imposition of fines amount to imposition of “punishment”, in terms of IPC.Grant of bail is not a ‘conclusive finding’ and hence punishment, even in the form of fines, cannot be imposed as bail conditions. The observation was made by Justice Ananda Sen while hearing an application against the order passed by the Judicial Commissioner, Ranchi, imposing a fine of Rs.60,000/- to be deposited by the Applicant, in favour of the Excise Department as a condition for grant of bail. The Applicant had been accused of accused of storing 106.2 litres of country-made and foreign liquor in his shop, in contravention of the limits prescribed under Section 47(a) of the Excise Act. Arguments The Petitioner had contended that bail conditions cannot be dehors the provisions of law. He submitted that fine cannot be imposed as a condition of bail since the same amounts to holding him guilty without a trial. On the contrary, the APP argued that the Court is well within its jurisdiction to impose “any condition” in lieu of grant of bail. He submitted that from perusal of Section 439(1) of CrPC which was operational in the present case, it is crystal clear that the legislation has given power to the Court to impose “any condition” for grant of bail. Findings The court observed that the real question before it was whether the term ‘any condition’, as used under Section 439(1) can be given a literal meaning to include any conditions which the Court feels and even include irrelevant conditions also or should it be confined to conditions, which are relevant and have some nexus with the purpose for which a bail is granted. The bench referred to the law laid down by the Supreme Court in Munish Bhasin & Ors. v. State (Government of NCT of Delhi) & Anr, (2009) 4 SCC 45, whereby it was held that the conditions can be imposed by the court: (i) to secure the presence of the accused before the investigating officer or before the court, (ii) to prevent him from fleeing the course of justice, (iii) to prevent him from tampering with the evidence or to prevent him from inducing or intimidating the witnesses so as to dissuade them from disclosing the facts before the police or court, or (iv) restricting the movements of the accused in a particular area or locality or to maintain law and order, etc. The top court also held therein that to subject an accused to any other condition would be “beyond jurisdiction” of the power conferred on court. In view thereof, Justice Sen observed, “the Court cannot impose ‘any condition’ he likes while granting bail. ‘Any condition’ or ‘other condition’ has to be in consonance with the object and purpose of grant of bail and as per the judgment of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Sumit Mehta (supra) and other cases cited above. The court is not conferred with absolute power to impose ‘any condition’ which he feels and chooses to impose, rather the same has to be reasonable and pragmatic.” He went on to remark that conditions should not be harsh, onerous or excessive, so as to frustrate the object of grant of bail. “The object of bail is neither punitive nor preventative, rather deprivation of the liberty must be considered a punishment,” he said while noting that imposition of fine is a form of “punishment”, both under IPC as well as the Excise Act. “A fine is imposed only when the guilt of the accused is proved and he is convicted of the charge framed against him. In a given situation if an accused pleads his guilt according to the provisions of law laid down, he can be punished and fine can be imposed. Thus, unless the guilt is proved and accused is convicted, no punishment can be imposed and fine which is in fact a sentence cannot be awarded. “It is well settled that while dealing with the bail application, the finding, which is given therein while disposing the bail application is not conclusive finding so far as it relates to the guilt of the accused,” he accordingly held. The court thus ordered that imposition of fine as a condition to grant bail is not in accordance with law and is liable to be set aside. “Since imposition of fine, from the aforesaid provisions of law, can only be imposed after conclusion of trial and that too after convicting an accused, by way of sentence, the aforesaid condition of imposition of fine passed by the Court below is bad in law. The said condition is against the provisions laid down in Sections 437 and 439 of the Code and is an irrelevant condition, which is not in consonance with the judgment passed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court as referred to above. This condition has got no nexus with the object and purpose for which a bail is granted,” the court observed. Before parting, the court made note of a submission advance by the APP that the Applicant had himself volunteered to deposit any amount of fine, whatever may be imposed by the Court, as a condition for bail and thus, he was estopped from filing this application. Dispelling this argument the court remarked, “A petitioner or the accused can make any submission before the Court, but, it is the Court, which has to decide whether those submissions are within the parameters defined by the law. The Court should not be swayed by the submissions made by the parties, rather, should evaluate and base its order on the correct perspective and principle of law.” Case Details: Case Title: Jitendra Oraon v. State of Jharkhand Case No.: Cr. MP No. 342/202o Quorum: Justice Ananda Sen Appearance: Advocate Rahul Pandey(for Applicant); APP Suraj Verma (for State) Click Here To Download Order Read Order Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
iStock/BanksPhotos(MINNEAPOLIS) — The condition of a 5-year-old boy, who was senselessly thrown from the third floor of Mall of America by a man who was “looking to kill someone,” has improved from critical condition to alert and conscious, a family attorney said on Friday.The child, identified as Landen by his family, has been in critical condition in a Minnesota hospital since the heinous attack on April 12.“All praise, glory and honor to Jesus!” family attorney R. Stephen Tillitt read from a statement written the family of the seriously injured child. “We are so elated to let you know that our son is now alert and conscious and is no longer in critical condition!”The news was delivered on a conference call with reporters on Friday — two weeks after the little boy was tossed over the railing, allegedly by Emmanuel Deshawn Aranda.Aranda, 24, was charged with first-degree premeditated attempt to commit murder in Hennepin County. According to a probable cause document, Aranda told investigators he was “looking for someone to kill, but it did not ‘work out.’”“We are now turning our focus to additional surgeries, healing, rehabilitation and eventually a return home, which we hope will happen by June,” said Tillitt, on behalf of the child’s family.A GoFundMe page was set up to help and raised close to $1 million as of Friday.“We want to personally thank each and every one of you for your love, prayers and support…The road to recovery remains long, but with God and you, we are assured to make it through. Please keep praying for our son and may our loving God bless you and everyone you love,” said Tillitt.Dr. Navjot Sobti, an internal medicine resident physician at Dartmouth-Hitchcock-Medical Center/Dartmouth School of Medicine and a member of the ABC News Medical Unit, has been monitoring the Landen’s progress and reviewed the family medical update.“This sounds like great news!” said Dr. Sobit. “From a medical perspective, it is reassuring that Landen is awake and interactive. This tells us that his brain is showing good signs of recovery from his traumatic brain injury. We knew from his ICU brain scan/MRI that he did not have ominous signs like brain swelling or a brain bleed.”Dr. Sobit agreed that the child’s road to recovery will be long, but promising.“Once Landen is out of the ICU, it will be important to monitor for things like seizures, his ability to communicate, walk, and engage in normal learning tasks,” the doctor said. “While many kids recover quite well after traumatic brain injuries, sometimes better than expected — their recovery process can take a while. They can also have symptoms weeks to years out from the injury — ranging from headaches to issues with memory and problems with school performance.” Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.,iStock/BanksPhotos(MINNEAPOLIS) — The condition of a 5-year-old boy, who was senselessly thrown from the third floor of Mall of America by a man who was “looking to kill someone,” has improved from critical condition to alert and conscious, a family attorney said on Friday.The child, identified as Landen by his family, has been in critical condition in a Minnesota hospital since the heinous attack on April 12.“All praise, glory and honor to Jesus!” family attorney R. Stephen Tillitt read from a statement written the family of the seriously injured child. “We are so elated to let you know that our son is now alert and conscious and is no longer in critical condition!”The news was delivered on a conference call with reporters on Friday — two weeks after the little boy was tossed over the railing, allegedly by Emmanuel Deshawn Aranda.Aranda, 24, was charged with first-degree premeditated attempt to commit murder in Hennepin County. According to a probable cause document, Aranda told investigators he was “looking for someone to kill, but it did not ‘work out.’”“We are now turning our focus to additional surgeries, healing, rehabilitation and eventually a return home, which we hope will happen by June,” said Tillitt, on behalf of the child’s family.A GoFundMe page was set up to help and raised close to $1 million as of Friday.“We want to personally thank each and every one of you for your love, prayers and support…The road to recovery remains long, but with God and you, we are assured to make it through. Please keep praying for our son and may our loving God bless you and everyone you love,” said Tillitt.Dr. Navjot Sobti, an internal medicine resident physician at Dartmouth-Hitchcock-Medical Center/Dartmouth School of Medicine and a member of the ABC News Medical Unit, has been monitoring the Landen’s progress and reviewed the family medical update.“This sounds like great news!” said Dr. Sobit. “From a medical perspective, it is reassuring that Landen is awake and interactive. This tells us that his brain is showing good signs of recovery from his traumatic brain injury. We knew from his ICU brain scan/MRI that he did not have ominous signs like brain swelling or a brain bleed.”Dr. Sobit agreed that the child’s road to recovery will be long, but promising.“Once Landen is out of the ICU, it will be important to monitor for things like seizures, his ability to communicate, walk, and engage in normal learning tasks,” the doctor said. “While many kids recover quite well after traumatic brain injuries, sometimes better than expected — their recovery process can take a while. They can also have symptoms weeks to years out from the injury — ranging from headaches to issues with memory and problems with school performance.” Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.