Here’s what to do with your doggy’s doo doo

first_img Previous articleLISTEN: The Breakdown EP88 With Three Red Kings & Sporting LimerickNext articleThe (Mount)joy of Blueberry Hill Staff Reporter Mayor of Limerick City and County Council, Cllr. James Colins pictured at the Omniplex Cinema, Dooradoyle with his dog Laika to launch Dog Pooh!. Picture: Alan PlaceA new campaign urging dog owners to clean up after their dogs has premiered in cinemas across Limerick.Dog Pooh! is a catchy anti-dog fouling animation composed and created by Annette McNelis.  The ad features two people comparing their disgusting dog poo experiences. One is a child whose scooter is destroyed by poo while the other is a person in a wheelchair who had her wheel chair ruined as owners never cleaned up after their dogs.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up It has been customised by Limerick City and County Council and will run on social media as well as cinemas.The cinema campaign is the latest in a series awareness campaigns urging dog owners to clean up after their animals.As the weather improves more people will be enjoying getting out and about walking and jogging on the roads and trails around the city and county and it’s important that they are kept clean of dog poo.Aside from the unpleasantness of steeping in dog poo, there can be some serious risks associated with not picking up your dog’s poo.  Bacteria and organisms in faeces can get on our hands and, through day-to-day living, can inadvertently get in our mouths.  This can lead to diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever as well as intestinal illness, and in some cases serious kidney disorders in people.Mayor of the City and County of Limerick Cllr James Collins said: “It is incumbent on all dog owners to clean up after their dog.  It is unfair on those who are out for a walk to have to sidestep loads of dog poo as if they are on an obstacle course.  Dog owners who don’t scoop the poop are being totally inconsiderate to their neighbours and friends.”“Cleaning up shows that you have civic pride in your area and you want everyone to enjoy it.  The message is simple, please clean up after your dog.”Sinead McDonnell, Environment Awareness Officer with Limerick City and County Council added: “We are trying to get the message across to different audiences.  Using cinema advertising allows you to target a variety of different audiences all at the same time.  Also they are a ‘captive’ audience as they are unable to fast forward the adverts like they can on social media or other programme apps.”“Our message is clear.  Please clean up after your dog and you can use any bag and any bin.  If there is no bin around, please dispose of the poo at home.” RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR NewsCommunityEnvironmentHere’s what to do with your doggy’s doo dooBy Staff Reporter – February 19, 2019 974 Twitter Advertisement WhatsApp Limerick on Covid watch list Linkedin Limerick centre needed to tackle environmental issues center_img Email TechPost | Episode 9 | Pay with Google, WAZE – the new Google Maps? and Speak don’t Type! Housing 37 Compulsory Purchase Orders issued as council takes action on derelict sites TAGSCommunityEnvironmentLimerick City and County Facebook Is Aer Lingus taking flight from Shannon? Print Population of Mid West region increased by more than 3,000 in past yearlast_img read more

Turkuaz Performs On ‘Jam In The Van’ Series [Watch]

first_imgThe multi-colored power funk machine known as Turkuaz was the latest band to appear on the Jam In The Van performance series. Recorded at the roving recording studio’s headquarters in Los Angeles, Turkuaz delivered a fantastic live renditions of The Band’s “The Shape I’m In” as well as a pair of tunes off of their 2018 Life in the City LP, “If I Ever Fall Asleep” and “The One and Lonely”.Related: Turkuaz Goes Bluegrass On “Life In The City” For First Video In New “Unplugged” Session SeriesOn Wednesday, the new videos were shared by the popular live series, and showcase the nine-piece rock band delivering some captivating music in the smallest of settings. The performance of “The Shape I’m In” sees saxophonist Joshua Schwartz stepping up to the mic to take on lead vocal duties alongside vocalists Shira Elias and Sammi Garett. The performance also featured a fiery sax solo courtesy of the man in red Greg Sanderson.Turkuaz – “The Shape I’m In” – Jam in the Van[Video: Jam in the Van]Next, singer/guitarist Dave Brandwein returned to his usual place at the mic to help lead the band through an uptempo rendition of “If I Ever Fall Asleep”, with the horn section blaring away alongside him. The nearly seven-minute performance also features a pair of ripping solos courtesy of guitarist Craig Brodhead.Turkuaz – “If I Ever Fall Asleep” – Jam in the Van[Video: Jam in the Van]In the third and final video, the band delivers an extra funky performance of “The One and Lonely” with Brandwein once again leading the band through their (relatively) new original. Elias and Garett lock in with one another, as they showcase their impressive synchronized dance moves alongside Brandwein.Turkuaz – “The One and Lonely” – Jam in the Van[Video: Jam in the Van]Turkuaz has kept a busy performance schedule since Life in the City arrived in September 2018. Fans in Denver will get the chance to see Turkuaz drummer Michelangelo Carubba lead the March installment of The Funk Sessions at Cervantes’ Other Side on Tuesday, March 26th. Tickets to the event, which will also feature Garrett Sayers, Ryan Jalbert, and Lyle Divinsky (The Motet), Jeff Franca (Thievery Corp), Nicholas Gerlach (Michal Menert & The Pretty Fantastics) and more, are on sale now and can be purchased here.last_img read more

David B. Tousley

first_imgDavid B. Tousley, age 72, died peacefully on Wednesday, August 12, 2020, surrounded by family at his home in Batesville. Born November 27, 1947, in Indianapolis, he is the son of John and Shirley (Wilkerson) Tousley. David received his bachelor’s degree in 1969 and later a Master’s degree in education from Butler University. He was a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity serving as president of the local chapter. David worked as a sales representative for Norwalk Furniture Corporation for 30 years, much of it in Seattle, before he retired. David loved looking at the mountains and the Puget Sound. Most of all, he loved spending time with family and friends. David was a kind and generous soul. He will be remembered for his sense of humor and love of laughter. Anyone who knew him became his friend. He was loved by all. David could spend hours in his backyard observing birds and nature in general. He was an avid reader and loved history. David is survived by his wife, Roseann (Moody), daughter Jennifer Tousley of Washington, D.C., brothers John Tousley of Zionsville, Indiana, and Thomas Tousley of Alexandria, Virginia, as well as sisters, Karen Elliott of Carmel, Indiana and Jane Brown of Zionsville, Indiana, stepdaughters, Erica (Scheidler) Hopewell, Lori (Schalf) DeWitt and stepson Casey Scalf. He was preceded in death by his parents. David will be cremated. A memorial service will be held at a later date. Donations may be made to the Margaret Mary Foundation Oncology or Margaret Mary Hospice in Batesville.last_img read more

Edin Dzeko successfully passed medical Examinations in Roma

first_imgEdin Dzeko arrived in Rome two days ago, and over 3.000 fans welcomed him at the Roman airport Fiumicino. Rome welcomed the captain of BH national team magnificently, an all those people came there just to see Dzeko holding a Roma scarf.The Italian media are following every step of Edin Dzeko, and now former football player of Manchester City should have formalized his transition to Roma yesterday. According to the Italian media, Edin Dzeko will move to Roma for 20 million Euros, which is in the oppinion of the fans of Manchester City a real bargain for a player like Edin Dzeko.Edin Dzeko arrived for the medical examinations to the Roman clinic Gemmeli yesterday at 10 a.m., and was again welcomed by a large number of fans of the team from the Eternal City who wanted an autograph or a photo with our national team player. After the completion of the first part of the examinations, Edin Dzeko moved to Villa Stuart for the final examinations.Edin Dzeko passed the medical examinations in Roma, but he will most likely not be able to complete the transfer on time to be able to play against Valencia.The BH striker is close to signing the contract with Roma, after agreeing on the arrival from Manchester City in a transfer worth around 20 million Euros.(Source: read more

Raiders pregame: Liuget, Cooper are inactive

first_imgOAKLAND — Defensive tackle Corey Liuget and guard Jonathan Cooper were among the Raiders’ seven inactive players Monday night for their regular season opener against The Denver Broncos.Liuget was listed as questionable with an ankle injury. The eight-year veteran was signed to an already crowded field of defensive tackles on Aug. 25.With Liuget inactive, the Raiders will have three active tackles — starters Maurice Hurst and Johnathan Hankins and second-year player P.J. Hall. In nickel …last_img read more

Heat and Light: Jerusalem City of David Excavations Arouse Notoriety

first_imgLike its rival Science (02/09/2007), Nature1 examined the ongoing archaeology in the City of David south of the walls of Jerusalem.  In a news feature, Haim Watzman examined the complexities, disputes, politics and ethics of the digs by Eilat Mazar and Ronnie Reich and others that appear to have found evidence supporting the Biblical stories of King David and his dynasty.  The article focused on conflicts both scientific and political.  Accusations of bias go both ways.  Despite allegations that Mazar and her primary funding organization have a religious agenda to prove the digs date to the time of David, the article did not point to anything specific that disproves the claim.  Watzman rather acknowledged that Mazar’s work has defended its objectivity against the skeptics pretty well.    Next day, Science printed a letter from Elisabetta Boaretto, the carbon-14 specialist who performed radiocarbon dating of artifacts at the site.  She took umbrage at the Feb. Science article’s implication that radiocarbon could not help settle disputes over whether the finds go back to the time of David.  “I would have expected the article to provide an evaluation of whether radiocarbon dating can solve this problem by consulting with experts in the field, rather than publishing a quote by an archaeologist comparing radiocarbon dating to a prostitute,” she quipped.  She personally tested 150 artifacts, some of which appear to distinguish the Iron I and Iron II periods to within a century, and defended the work with judgments from other scholars.  She stated, “No bias was detected, disproving misconceptions that radiocarbon labs have specific agendas besides doing scientific research.”    The Nature news story also discussed the Pool of Siloam excavations, the Gihon Spring and Hezekiah’s Tunnel – all remarkable structures “mentioned in the Bible” that have only recently come back into the news.1Watzman, “Archaeology: deep divisions,” Nature 447, 22-24 (3 May 2007) | doi:10.1038/447022a.Same comments apply as in February (02/09/2007), so no repetition necessary here.  Suffice it to say that despite these secular journal’s heartfelt need to latch onto any controversy that might undercut evidence that supports the Bible, there was not much they could say.  They tried to make Mazar and other conservatives look biased, but they couldn’t prove it.  They tugged at heartstrings with stories of local residents who are being inconvenienced by the digs, but had to admit the archaeological park is nice and is open to all.  They had to quote the Finkelsteins and other minimalist skeptics but could not dispute the scholarship of the Bible-trusting archaeologists.  The evidence is speaking for itself.    So here, for centuries, for thousands of years, evidence for David’s palace and fortifications have been buried under layers and layers of destruction levels and occupational overburden.  How fortunate we are to be living in a brief period between political tensions when some of the facts can now see the light of day – for the first time since the Kings of Judah lived out the adventures, the triumphs and disasters, the ups and downs of righteousness and wickedness recorded in the Bible.  The tangible evidence of those events can reinforce our faith that God does indeed work in the lives of individuals and nations.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Scientific Terms Can Obfuscate, Not Enlighten

first_img1.  Jeffrey Parson and Yair Wand, “A question of class,” Nature 455, 1040-1041 (23 October 2008) | doi:10.1038/4551040a.2.  Editorial, “A look within,” Nature 455, 1007-1008 (23 October 2008) | doi:10.1038/4551007b.It was good for Nature to point out these problems with scientific terminology.  Unfortunately, their brains are so completely sold out to Darwin they are incapable of looking in the mirror.  That’s why one moment they can be admitting the evidence is so scanty it gives ease to untested, untestable Just-So Stories about human evolution, then the next moment they give their editorial blessing to a stupid Just-So Story about the evolution of religion (10/26/2008).    Philosophy of science is a vital topic for anyone interested in science or apologetics or both.  In philosophy of science you learn to ask questions that scientists themselves rarely ask.  Consider the important topic of classification, brought up in bullet 2 above.  Scientists too flippantly invoke class terms that are totally subjective when scrutinized.  For instance, what is a predator?  We think we understand the term, but in the class of predators you can find snails, tigers, and even the Venus Flytrap.  The differences between these objects in the class predator seem more significant than the property they share: that they eat animals.  In addition, each object belongs to multiple other classes that either distinguish it or include it: organism, vertebrate or invertebrate, plant or animal.  The class you focus on is the one that is useful at the moment.  If you are playing “Twenty Questions,” for instance, the categories initially useful to you are animal, vegetable or mineral, where animal could be anything from a flatworm to a giraffe, vegetable could be anything from algae to a redwood tree, and mineral could include diamonds and space stations.  A corollary of this idea is that classes are merely human constructs – not necessarily ways of dividing up the world as it really is, or as Plato is said to have worded it, “carving nature at its joints.”    In his excellent lecture series on philosophy of science for The Teaching Company, Jeffrey L. Kasser used a humorous illustration.  He invented a word broccosaxodile, which he defined as “anything that is broccoli, a saxophone, or a crocodile.”  While one might question the usefulness of such a composite classification, he asked if it is any less meaningful than predator which, as we said, includes things just as diverse.  “Predator” is just a shorthand word for a composite category that we could just as well call a “snail-tiger-VenusFlytrap.”  Let’s add another example: what is a fossil?  If you immediately picture bones in rock, you are ignoring the fact that fossils can include whole insects in amber complete with their soft tissue, footprints, petrified wood, and mere impressions of jellyfish or leaves, like shadows, without any bones at all.  Fossils are not permanent, either: the dinosaur trackways in the entry below (10/28/2008) are eroding and will eventually disappear.  In that sense, a corpse in a morgue is a fossil, or the ashes of a cremated person sitting in a bottle in the heartbroken spouse’s bedroom.  (Not to be morbid, but it is almost Halloween.)    A classification is meaningless without a context in which the term is useful to some human being for a subjective purpose.  There is nothing objective about a class if you want to think of it as referring to something that is “out there” in the world which scientists “discover” without bias.  This should be a lesson to evolutionists who think they are talking objectively when they use class terms like missing link, transitional form, ancestors, phylogenetic tree, homologous traits or innovation.  Such terms are employed for their utility – in this case, the utility of making evolutionary theory appear scientific.Application.  Let’s apply what we’ve learned to a Biblical example some find embarrassing.  Many skeptics have ridiculed the Bible for classifying bats with birds in Leviticus 11:13-19 (see  OK, their point is?  This classification was amply useful to Moses, who was helping the Israelites distinguish what they were allowed to eat.  The property apropos to their circumstances was clean and unclean edible animals.  Moses, or God for that matter, was under no obligation to use modern scientific taxonomy for the purpose.  In fact, it would seem much more helpful to Israelites wandering in the wilderness to point out which of those things flying around in the dark was safe to eat.  Those of you who have camped in the desert know that swifts and bats can look very similar in the way they dart about.  Formally, we can say that the property at issue in the class being defined was “flying things” – call them “volant vertebrates” if it makes you feel better – not whether the things had fur or feathers or laid eggs.  Moreover, it would be an unfair disparagement of the mental capabilities of people who grew up in the advanced Egyptian civilization and their well-educated leader to assume they didn’t know the difference between birds and bats.  We mustn’t be chauvinistic.  They probably possessed more savvy about nature than the typical modern couch potato.Exercise.  Teachers and home-school parents: here is an opportunity to introduce your precocious young thinkers to some philosophy of science.  Have them invent categories similar to broccosaxodile (above) and make lists of objects that fit.  Is the category useful in some way?  Does it allow inferring additional information?  Which members belong to other categories?Silly categories: Make up your own silly category and defend its usefulness: vege-toy-mobiles, dirt-bike-chocolate, sister-TV-cotton (anything that is either a sister, a television, or made of cotton), etc. Trivial categories: Round things, small potatoes, friends, food, containers, pets, creeping things, rhyming words, oxymorons, shapes, etc.  Think of more.  In what circumstances are these useful categories?  What are examples of extremely different things that can fit in the same category?  Can you dream up a story to explain how the category evolved?Scientific categories:  omnivore, migratory species, gene, hybrid, moon, cloud, field, particle, wave, force, reagent, network, factor, family, biome, ecosystem, riparian dweller, marine invertebrate, intelligent life, sentient being.  List some extremely different objects that fit into the same category.  Pick an object in the category and list what other categories it belongs to.  How well does the category reflect distinctions in the external world?  What kinds of observations are required to make the distinction?  Who does the observing?  When is the category useful and not useful?  Are the evolutionary stories told about these classes the only possible ways to understand them?  What does “understanding” mean without the preconditions of immaterial concepts, reason, truth, and mind?(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 When scientists classify things and use scientific terms, are they really shedding light on nature and natural history?  It’s possible they may just be glossing over their own ignorance, suggested three articles in Nature last week.  They underscore cases where subjective human conventions are falsely assumed to correlate with external realities.  They lead us to ask, what do we mean by meaning?Words demean things:  Apparently the editors of Nature have had it with certain clich�s.  One editorial, published also on Nature News, pointed out the ambiguity of popular words and phrases used in scientific papers and by science reporters.  The editorial began,To a great extent, science is about arriving at definitions.  What is a man?  What is a number?  Questions such as these require substantial inquiry.  But where science is supposed to be precise and measured, definitions can be frustratingly vague and variable.As examples, the editorial reviewed the terms paradigm shift, tipping point, race, epigenetic, complexity, stem cell, consciousness and significant.  Those terms may seem intuitively obvious but in fact have multiple definitions. For the word consciousness to have meaning, for instance, there must be a physical basis for it – but none has been found.  And significant is in the eye of the beholder, despite mathematical crutches like p-values that lend a false air of confidence in scientific results.  Scientists often use a 5% confidence level as a measure of significance.  That number, though, is an arbitrary convention – and often a useless one:Even if a result is a genuinely statistically significant one, it can be virtually meaningless in the real world.  A new cancer treatment may ‘significantly’ extend life by a month, but many terminally ill patients would not consider that outcome significant.  A scientific finding may be ‘significant’ without having any major impact on a field; conversely, the significance of a discovery might not become apparent until years after it is made.  “One has to reserve for history the judgement of whether something is significant with a capital S,” says Steven Block, a biophysicist at Stanford University in California.Class warfare:  What do we mean by a class of objects?  Take terms like species and planet: which objects belong in the class, and which are excluded?  It’s not always easy to decide, said Jeffrey Parson and Yair Wand in an essay in last week’s Nature.1  The authors illustrate problems with these two examples.  Look at the conflict over Pluto: is it a planet, a minor planet, or a plutoid?  Depending on which properties of objects in space are considered useful to humans, it could be any one of these things – yet Pluto itself hasn’t changed.  “Plutoid” is a recently made-up word about a class of objects of which Pluto is the best-known example.  Just because the International Astronomical Union declares that from henceforth and forevermore Pluto is a plutoid, that does little more than provide a consensus for human beings and their nomenclature.  Similarly, the term species contains considerable uncertainty, as even Ernst Mayr realized when he tried to define a species as a class of organisms that can produce fertile offspring (the “biological species concept”).  Too bad that doesn’t work for the vast majority of organisms – asexual microbes and fossils.    Some classifications can lead to false and even fatal results.  Consider the word disease, which originally just meant discomfort – or “not at ease.”  The classification of diseases has usually been centered on etiology, or causes of disease.  These fall into 3 subclasses: genetic, environmental or pathogenic.  For nearly 40 years, the authors said, doctors misdiagnosed ulcers because they could not bring themselves to believe that a bacterium, H. pylori was capable of living in the acidic environment of the stomach.  “When considering the reasons why the bacterial hypothesis was missed for such a long time (and then not readily accepted), the main problem was the misattribution of the property ‘cannot grow in the acidity of the stomach’ to the class of bacteria,” they explained.  “Re-evaluating this fundamental property involved a major mind-shift that was difficult to accept.”    Classification is a human enterprise.  The authors gave an evolutionary spin on this skill: “Classification … is recognized as an evolved mechanism that supports survival.”  Supposedly it helps humans get food and shelter.  They did not ask whether lions and lizards needed to evolve the mechanism to sort out their food and shelter, too.  They tried to distinguish between “categories” and “classes” by defining the former as a group of objects with shared properties, and the latter as a category that allows humans to “infer further information” consistently “over a reasonable time period.”  A little reflection, however, shows that they have simply substituted the word class for a meta-category with the same difficulties.  The information that can be inferred from a class is simply a collection of objects with shared properties – things that humans find useful.  Their final paragraph, though, revealed that they are aware of the main pitfall of classification: it happens in the mind, not in the external world.Taking a classification perspective on scientific discourse suggests a sequence of questions to ask when studying a domain of phenomena.  What are the properties of interest of these phenomena?  Are there stable sets of properties common to these phenomena?  Are there stable relationships in some of these sets?  And finally, and most importantly, what is the evidence or rationale that these relationships reflect the true nature of the phenomena?  This perspective has two important implications.  First, scientists should make every effort to ensure that the assumed relationships among properties are indeed correct.  Second, rather than arguing over which of several classification schemes is preferable, researchers should recognize that several correct and useful schemes can coexist.  And overall, scientists should recognize that classification happens in the mind and, as a result, it can be influenced by beliefs and emotions.  This is where science can go astray.The human element:  The lead editorial in Nature last week brought these lessons home to the human species.  What does it mean to be human? the editors asked.2  The Delphic oracle may have advised Know thyself, but that is often hard to follow, they said.  Watch the editors balance their confidence in Darwin’s ability to help us know ourselves with doubts about the evidence:Modern science can help, but using it to uncover truths about ourselves can also be fraught with difficulty.  Consider, for example, that an important first step towards understanding contemporary human behaviour – establishing the evolutionary context in which it emerged – means piecing together odd scraps of evidence left by our hunter-gatherer ancestors tens of thousands of years ago.  The paucity of data makes it all too easy to come up with untested, and even untestable, Darwinian versions of Rudyard Kipling’s Just So Stories.After acknowledging that science’s just-so chickens have come home to roost, the editors resurrected an old conflict that illustrates the impossibility of speaking objectively about ourselves without wandering into politics:Another major challenge for researchers is being objective about a topic as philosophically, politically and ethically charged as human nature.  Take the sociobiology wars of the 1970s and 1980s.  Left-wing scholars rejected biological explanations for phenomena such as gender roles, religion, homosexuality and xenophobia, largely because they feared such explanations would be used to justify a continuation of existing inequalities on genetic grounds.  The resulting debates became hugely political.    The combustibility of the interface between science and society is one major reason for the extraordinary fragmentation of research that tackles human behaviour.  In part because of the sociobiology battle, most social scientists still steer clear of using evolutionary hypotheses.  And even researchers who do work under the unifying framework of evolution tend to fall into distinct camps such as gene-culture co-evolution or human behavioural ecology – their practitioners divided by differences of opinion on, say, the relative importance of culture versus genes.The editors clearly think that evolutionary theory deserves to be a unifying theme, but have just cast doubt on the evidence behind it and the pragmatics of using it.  They attribute the problems to the complexity of our species and the lack of interdisciplinary communication.  In a belief that their magazine can help, they said they are starting a series of essays which, though they might make for “uncomfortable reading,” will try to draw lines between human evolutionary prehistory and the complex societies we live in.  The first was by Pascal Boyer about the evolution of religion.  Did it accomplish its purpose?  See our review in the 10/26/2008 entry.last_img read more

Transforming the Electric System

first_imgElectricity markets around the world are transforming from a model where electricity flows one way (from electricity-generating power plants to the customer) to one where customers actively participate as providers of electric services. But to speed this transformation and maximize its environmental and cost benefits, we need to understand how customer actions affect the three distinct parts of our electric system: generation, transmission, and distribution. GenerationGenerators — or power plants — convert an energy source such as natural gas, coal, wind, or sunshine into electricity that flows across wires and into your building, allowing you to turn on lights and use appliances. Although the electricity is no different whether it is generated by solar or coal, the environmental and economic costs associated with different energy sources vary significantly.Not all generators are created equal in terms of efficiency, pollution, and how much they cost to build and run. Some generators produce electricity very cheaply and with fewer carbon emissions, but are expensive to build and maintain. Other generators are more polluting than clean energy alternatives and cost more per unit (or kilowatt-hour) of electricity generated, but can be turned on when demand for electricity skyrockets (for example, during heat waves). As demand increases, a variety of generators are used to provide the needed electricity — relying first on the cheapest generators (such as wind and solar) in order to keep costs low, and only turning on expensive and inefficient “peaker” generators (such as natural gas-fired power plants) during periods of high demand. Analysis Sees Little Benefit in Off-Grid EconomicsSolar Energy Can Make the Grid More ResilientWhen Will Rooftop Solar Be Cheaper Than the Grid?New York Utility Finds Big Payoff in New IdeasRethinking the GridThe Cheapest Way to Scale Up Renewable Energy?An Introduction to Photovoltaic Systems TransmissionElectricity is transported from power plants to local communities via transmission lines. In addition to exporting energy from traditional power plants, transmission lines also allow communities to “import” clean and cheap energy from distant areas. But long transmission lines are expensive, and as more electricity flows through them, power is lost through heat, requiring greater amounts of electricity to be produced. Thus, different areas in the same state can face different prices for electricity depending on that area’s overall demand and distance from the generation sources.Again, reducing demand and increasing local sources of generation helps control these transmission costs. The less electricity needed from large, distant power plants, the less electricity needs to be moved. Beia Spiller is a senior economist with the Environmental Defense Fund. Kristina Mohlin is an economist with the EDF. This blog post is part one in a four-part series that takes a deep dive into economics of the electric system and the role pricing can play in accelerating the clean energy economy. It originally appeared at the website of the Environmental Defense Fund. For example, the Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) initiative in New York and the Public Utilities Commission-mandated Distribution Resource Plans in California require utilities to consider alternatives to traditional infrastructure investments to deal with peak demand. These initiatives encourage customers to install rooftop solar or adopt energy efficiency, storage, and demand response to reduce their use of grid-supplied electricity at peak times.And, in Texas, the Distributed Resource Energy and Ancillaries Market Task Force (DREAM TF) is working to guarantee that customers who generate electricity are able to actively participate in the Texas electricity market. This will ensure distributed energy resources are paid appropriately for the benefits they provide to the system.These efforts in New York, California, and Texas are on the right track. Reducing the amount of electricity that needs to be generated by traditional power plants, transmitted long distances, and distributed locally, reduces the overall cost and environmental impact of our energy system. That’s not just clean, it’s smart.center_img RELATED ARTICLES Reducing demand for utility-provided electricityConsider how residential rooftop solar affects the entire system. Each home equipped with solar panels requires less electricity from its local utility. Thanks to this reduction in demand and its related costs, the utility can use funding it would have needed for new transformers or substations to invest in improving energy efficiency or incentivizing more customers to generate their own electricity.Consolidated Edison is currently pursuing this type of effort in the Brooklyn-Queens area by identifying multiple alternatives to try to avoid the billion dollar substation investment. Other utilities are also experimenting with home energy batteries, which can store excess solar energy during daylight hours for use at night, further reducing each customer’s daily electricity use and impact on the distribution system. And because solar reduces demand for utility-provided electricity, less electricity has to be generated at power plants and transmitted from distant regions, reducing generation, transmission, and environmental costs. Many initiatives across the country are attempting to capture the opportunities offered by these technologies to change the fundamental way we interact with the electric grid.A simplified illustration of the electric grid Because higher demand for electricity from power plants drives up cost and pollution, reducing demand for power plant-generated electricity can reduce both the overall cost of the system and harmful environmental impacts. DistributionFinally, local utility companies distribute electricity via the traditional electric wires we’re used to seeing on city streets. Some utility costs, such as billing and metering, are not affected by customers’ usage of electricity. However, very expensive grid infrastructure — including substations, transformers, wires, and poles — is significantly affected by how much electricity customers demand.Local utilities also must conduct costly maintenance and operations on this infrastructure to avoid blackouts and meet safety requirements. Importantly, as local demand peaks, the system needs to expand accordingly, causing distribution costs to increase even further. For example, New York City’s local utility (Consolidated Edison) foresees a billion-dollar investment in a new substation to accommodate increased demand in the Brooklyn-Queens area.last_img read more

Jürgen Klopp backs Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain despite dismal display

first_imgShare on Messenger Share on Facebook Jürgen Klopp Islam Slimani strike seals Leicester win as Liverpool crash out of Carabao Cup Share on LinkedIn Liverpool Leicester City Jürgen Klopp remains convinced of Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain’s ability despite the dismal performance by Liverpool’s £35m signing in his first start at Leicester.Oxlade-Chamberlain missed an early chance and seemed nervous and error-prone thereafter, but Klopp felt his performance was not as bad as some critics have suggested.“The criticism came quite quick,” the Liverpool manager said. “He had a few good situations and a few unlucky situations, but this was his first start.“He didn’t have the best game of his life so in the world of football at the moment you get criticised for that, but I am not in doubt. He did really well in some moments but he is still trying to adapt to our style of play.” Share on Pinterest Liverpool travel to Leicester again on Saturday, to a ground where Klopp has now endured three defeats in three visits – and a manager already under pressure to solidify a leaky defence is concerned that he might be without two regular centre-backs. Dejan Lovren has not been training because of a back injury and is rated doubtful and Klopp revealed Joël Matip will need a late fitness test after picking up a knock.Liverpool have been paying for a perceived inability to defend set pieces, and Klopp admitted his players need to concentrate more and be ready to deal with balls coming into the box. “We sometimes put too much into trying to clear the first ball and are not ready for the second,” he said.“We have too many players too close together for the first ball so when it comes back we don’t have a good formation. We have to keep working at it but I must admit I would rather have a team that can play football but struggles to defend set pieces than the other way around.“The way people are talking it sounds like we are the worst team in the country, at the bottom of the table with nil points, but in fact we have eight, and we are still fluent and creative in attack even if we are not scoring as many goals.“Obviously we have some problems, but as long as we are staying in games and showing what we are good at the situation is not quite as serious as is being suggested.”Some of the confidence and brio has drained from Klopp as a result of four games without a win, a sequence that includes the 5-0 drubbing at Manchester City, though he insists he is not concerned at facing Leicester again so soon after Liverpool’s midweek elimination from the Carabao Cup. “I don’t believe in bad places to go,” he said. “If you lose somewhere it becomes more likely that you will win at some point. It’s all about performing. You shouldn’t think too much about it, things can always change. Dortmund won at Hamburg this week. When I was there we never won one time. They had a bad record but obviously it changed. That’s how it is.”Klopp is attempting to remain calm and rational amid a rising tide of disappointment – he objects to the word panic – at Anfield. “We could have won our last four games but we didn’t,” he said. “Could have means we were really close. I still don’t think any team in the world loves playing against us at the moment, and I would say Burnley were lucky to take a point last weekend if their gameplan involved scoring from a set piece then conceding 35 shots on target or whatever. We know we have to improve, we know we have to keep improving, but obviously it is very difficult to be number one in England even though Liverpool have not been number one for the last 25 years.“In the end it is always like this: we win a game and everyone is happy, we fail to win and everyone comes out with reasons why we will never win again. I think football is like that everywhere, but here [Merseyside] perhaps a little more. Especially when the Manchester teams are flying, as they are at the moment, but I cannot change that. What I can do is try to cool the situation down and keep working on the things we do well.” Share on Twitter Read more news Share via Email Share on WhatsApp Topics Reuse this contentlast_img read more

Report: Huddersfield 0 Palace 2

first_imgHuddersfield Town 0 Crystal Palace 2: Tomkins and Milivojevic secure priceless win Dom Farrell Last updated 1 year ago 00:53 18/3/2018 JamesTomkins - cropped Getty Images Crystal Palace ended a run of four consecutive Premier League defeats and climbed out of the relegation zone with a key win at Huddersfield. James Tomkins and Luka Milivojevic landed crucial blows in Crystal Palace’s battle against the drop, ensuring they left relegation rivals Huddersfield Town with a 2-0 victory.Tomkins poached the only goal from a corner midway through the first half and manned an impeccable defensive effort at the John Smith’s Stadium.It meant Huddersfield had barely a sniff of an equaliser before Andros Townsend won a 68th-minute penalty and captain Luka Milivojevic converted his sixth spot kick of the season. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Roy Hodgson handed Mamadou Sakho and Wilfried Zaha their first starts since suffering respective calf and knee injuries last month and the extra quality they provided at either end of the pitch will serve Palace well during the crucial period to come.Palace are up to 16th, a point and a place below Town and two above the drop line. LUKA!!![0-2] #HUDCRY— Crystal Palace F.C. (@CPFC) March 17, 2018The match began amid a now customary din from Huddersfield’s home support but there was a collective anxious gasp in the seventh minute when Milivojevic curled a free-kick fractionally wide.Steve Mounie’s touch let him down in the 12th minute, allowing Sakho to recover from his slack pass and make a last-ditch tackle on the Town striker, while Christian Benteke had an attempt blocked as both teams pursued the all-important breakthrough.It fell to Palace in the 23rd minute after the marauding Zaha won a corner, Mounie and Jonathan Hogg failed to deal with the left-wing delivery and Tomkins prodded home at the second attempt.Huddersfield roared back at their opponents, with Milivojevic making a timely intervention as Alex Pritchard stood poised to convert Collin Quaner’s cutback.Benteke, leading the line superbly for Palace, teed-up Townsend four minutes from the end of a frenetic first half but the winger shanked a shot wastefully over.Chris Lowe’s half-time introduction in place of full-back Scott Malone gave the hosts greater thrust down the left flank but clear openings remained scarce.Tomkins thought he had a second after the hour when another Palace corner evaded the Huddersfield backline but, when the centre-back drove goalwards at the back post, Mounie was on hand to hack off the line.Back in his natural habitat in the opposition penalty area, Mounie then lashed against the stanchion – an attempt that, for all their efforts, was Huddersfield’s first shot of the match.The state of the game offered increased opportunities for Palace to play to their strengths on the counter-attack and, when Mathias Jorgensen dived in on a rampaging Townsend, Milivojevic had the chance to seal the points from 12 yards.He made no mistake, clattering his effort to Jonas Lossl’s right as the goalkeeper guessed incorrectly.6 – Luka Milivojevic has scored more penalties than any other Premier League player this season (6). Conversion.— OptaJoe (@OptaJoe) March 17, 2018Lossl twice saved impressively during the closing minutes from Yohan Cabaye – another of Palace’s returnees – by which point Hodgson’s great escape was firmly back on course.Huddersfield have the spirit and organisation to survive too, on this evidence, but the lack of cutting edge in David Wagner’s side – now scoreless in three – is a gnawing concern.Key Opta Stats:- Crystal Palace have won seven Premier League away points in 2018 (W2 D1 L3), one more than they picked up in their previous 12 away games in 2017 (W1 D3 L8). – Huddersfield have failed to score in a league-high 17 different Premier League games this season. They have drawn a blank in eight of their last 11 games in the top-flight.- Palace ended a seven-match winless run in the Premier League (D2 L5), securing their first victory since a 1-0 win over Burnley in January.- Only Andrew Johnson (11) has scored more penalties in a single Premier League season for Crystal Palace than Luka Milivojevic (6).- James Tomkins scored his first away goal in the Premier League since November 2016 versus Swansea. read morelast_img read more