Dutee Chand crashes out of World Championships

first_imgIndian athlete Dutee Chand crashed out of the women’s 100 metre event after finishing sixth in her heat at the ongoing IAAF World Championships here on Saturday.Dutee clocked 12.07 seconds in her heats which was won by Rosangela Santos with a personal best time of 11.04.Mujinga Kambundji of Switzerland was second with 11.14. Michelle-Lee Ahye of Trinidad and Tobago clocked the same time as Mujinga but was adjudged third on photo finish.The top three athletes of each heat qualify for the next stage.Dutee’s performance on Saturday was a far cry from her showing at the Asain Athletics Championships in Bhubaneshwar earlier this month where she took the bronze in 11.52.last_img read more

Portland homeless crisis: sportswear CEO’s threat prompts soul-searching

first_img Pinterest It’s hard to read [Boyle’s statements] as anything else but: ‘I don’t want homeless people outside of my business’Gregory McKelvey, Portland’s Resistance Share on Facebook Intriguingly, in a discussion on Oregon Public Broadcasting of the context in which he wrote his op-ed, Boyle related that the mayor had “asked me: ‘Listen, we need more policemen on the street’”, to which Boyle replied that he would “help”. In e-mailed comments, the mayor’s spokesman, Michael Cox, said “there is nothing in this segment that implies” that the mayor asked Boyle to write the op-ed.In the space of five minutes on a crystalline, windy Thursday, the situation on a corner in front of Columbia Sportswear encapsulated the controversy.First, Toby Bean took a break from politely panhandling and protested Boyle’s portrayal. “There are some crazy people out here. But regular homeless people are pretty courteous.” Facebook Next, a 50-something white man in tattered clothing passed, sing-song chanting to himself a scary, rapidfire barrage of expletives and racial slurs. (Oregon was ranked 49th of 51 states and Washington DC this year for overall mental health services.)A minute later, a passerby, Joe Leineweber, 35, staged a mini-protest by defiantly sitting on the ground despite the ban. “I’m probably wearing Columbia attire right now,” Leineweber said, taking off his jacket and discovering a label for prAna – a brand purchased by Columbia in 2014 for $190m. “I love their stuff, but I can’t really get behind it anymore.” Support The Guardian Share on Twitter America’s homeless population rises for the first time since the Great Recession Read more features Social exclusion Threats by the billionaire CEO of Columbia Sportswear to relocate one of his brand’s headquarters out of downtown Portland over homelessness concerns have prompted protest and introspection in the city.Tim Boyle threw down a gauntlet on 10 November in the Oregonian newspaper when he wrote that its Sorel brand, which produces footwear, was considering moving. Its employees, Boyle said, were being “threatened” and “menaced” by people “near our office,” or “camping in the doorway”. Twitter … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. “I am so concerned about the safety of our employees at the Sorel headquarters that we are taking the next 90 days to re-evaluate our location decision,” he said.Boyle’s op-ed never used the word “homeless”, a fact which he pointed out in a second statement and in the media, but many in the city read between the lines, not least in the reference to camping. A demonstration in front of his downtown flagship store seemed to have led to its closure for a day recently, and Boyle has upped the ante with continued public statements. The imbroglio is another cold splash of water for believers in “Portland exceptionalism” – the notion that the progressive city is immune to broader social problems.“We have daily defecation in the building’s atrium,” Boyle said on Oregon Public Broadcasting last week. Boyle’s talk of feces isn’t the only touchy issue in which the company is enmeshed: unlike North Face, REI and Patagonia, the company didn’t proclaim its opposition to the Trump administration’s shrinkage of national monuments in Utah on its home page. (It did, however, sign an industry group’s letter.)“I think Tim Boyle may have a legit complaint about people hanging out,” said longtime advocate Ibrahim Mubarak. “But to put an ultimatum before a city official to get rid of these houseless people or I’m going to leave the city, that’s cruel. Everybody knows the houseless community don’t have nowhere to go.”Through Columbia Sportswear, Boyle declined an interview request. The actions of Portland mayor Ted Wheeler in the wake of Boyle’s comments seem conflicting.On 30 November, the mayor tweeted that “homelessness is not a crime” and added that “it’s irresponsible to conflate homelessness and crime”. In the days leading up to that tweet, however, the mayor’s office pushed for the designation of eight blocks of “pedestrian use zones”, one of which includes the Columbia Sportswear flagship store, co-located with 40 employees who work at the Sorel headquarters. The result is that homeless people are forbidden from sitting or sleeping on the sidewalk, historically a highly controversial type of restriction in Portland. Share on Messenger Reuse this content People from Portland Habilitation Center replace signs around Portland, Oregon. Photograph: Benjamin Brink/AP Share on LinkedIn Housing Public-safety statistics do not appear to fully validate Boyle’s concerns. While Portland’s police-officers-per-capita numbers are low compared to US cities, FBI crime statistics show crime is down locally on a broad range of measures. “I think that we can safely say that our crime stats are much lower than they are in a lot of other cities,” said police spokesman Sgt Christopher Burley. The Portland police bureau “does not capture” housing data and cannot assess whether homeless people commit more crimes than others, Burley said.Boyle has said he’s received a lot of support since speaking out. And even those on the other side acknowledge it is not cut-and-dried. Poverty Topics Share on WhatsApp “It’s hard for me to read [Boyle’s statements] as anything else but: ‘I really don’t want homeless people outside of my business,’” said Gregory McKelvey, co-founder of Portland’s Resistance, which was formed in response to Donald Trump’s election. But he noted: “My mom actually is on the opposite side of this issue. She works downtown, and she’s like, ‘Sometimes I feel unsafe’. I obviously had to think about that. That could be a valid point.’”Ironically, it’s possible some of those camping in Columbia Sportswear’s doorways are wearing its jackets. In November, Columbia donated 25 boxes of clothing to a nonprofit that manages nine shelters in the metro area. It’s one of many philanthropic efforts by the company and its employees.It’s also a drop in the bucket compared with the company’s $2.38bn in annual sales. Do you have an experience of homelessness to share with the Guardian? Get in touchThis article was amended on 12 December 2017 to correct a reference to the Trump administration’s shrinkage of national monuments in Utah, and to reflect the ambiguity in Tim Boyle’s comments regarding the context in which he wrote his op-ed. This article was amended on 2 January 2018 to correct the spelling of Joe Leineweber’s name.Sign up to Chronicling Homelessness, our monthly Outside in America newsletter Since you’re here… Share via Email Communities Share on Pinterest Homelessness Outside in America Portlandlast_img read more

More Than 10,000 Children to Benefit from RGD Birth Certification Drive

first_imgMore than 10,000 children under 12 years of age, are expected to benefit from the Registrar General’s Department (RGD) birth certification fair now underway. The initiative is targeted at children in Kingston, St. Catherine, Westmoreland and Hanover, born between January 2000 and December 2011, and who have never received a birth certificate. Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the RGD and Director of Operations, Yvette Scott, told JIS News that the three-month programme, which got underway on October 23 and runs until December 13, forms part of the department’s efforts to ensure all children across the island are registered. Already, a number of children have been processed at fairs held at venues in the targeted parishes. Seven more events are slated to be held up to December 13 and the RGD is appealing to parents to take their children out to be certified. “We are beginning with four parishes, so the children have to be born in those parishes. The parents need to take along with them, their identification card, the christening or baptismal record if the child is not registered, full address and contact number, and the immunization card,” Mrs. Scott informed. “We don’t need any pet name, any otherwise known as…the more correct information they give us will assist us in processing the documents as quickly as possible and send (them) out to the respective parents,” she stated. She said it is important that full contact information is provided so that the agency can readily get in touch if there is a query. “So, it is very important that if it is that they borrowed somebody’s phone, let the person know so when we call, we can get the information,” Mrs. Scott said. The next fair will be held on November 20 at the Burnt Savanna Nazarene Church in Westmoreland. The RGD journeys to Hanover on November 21 at the Chester Castle United Bible Church, and returns to Westmoreland on November 22 at the Bluefield’s Peoples Community Association. The fairs continue on December 4 at the Lucea Christian Fellowship Church, Hanover; Independence Park in Westmoreland on December 5; Old Harbour Holy Trinity Church, St. Catherine on December 11; and culminates on December 13 at the East Queen Street Baptist Church in Kingston. For more information on the birth certification fairs call the RGD at 619-1260 or 749-0550.The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is partnering with the RGD on the project.last_img read more

DSME to Axe 12,000 Jobs by 2019

first_imgzoom South Korean shipbuilder Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME) plans to slash its workforce by 12,000 to 30,000 by 2019 within its cost cutting measures.“We are planning to reduce the number of employees to a similar level to 2009 and 2010 when management efficiency was the highest,” DSME CEO Jung Sung-leep is quoted as saying by the Korea Herald at a press conference at the firm’s headquarters in Seoul.The job cuts are expected to be implemented gradually across the board.At the referred period, the company had 30,000 employees, and generated KRW 12 trillion (USD 9 billion) in annual sales, Jung said, whereas now the shipbuilder has 42,000 people.The company has been in an intensive restructuring mode, offloading its non-core businesses and cutting workforce so as to boost liquidity badly hit by the industry slump.The announcement comes on the back of DSME’s USD 4.3 billion reported loss for the full year of 2015 caused by falling number of newbuilding orders and further delivery delays in its offshore segment.The shipbuilder hopes for a turnaround this year as it projects KRW 500 billion (USD 415 million) in operating profits for the first quarter of this year.World Maritime News Stafflast_img read more

Sri Lanka Ban urges Government rebels to assure safe passage for trapped

30 January 2009United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged the Government and rebels in Sri Lanka to do everything in their power to effectuate the safe passage that has been promised for some 250,000 civilians trapped in the area of intense fighting in the north of the island country. “[Mr. Ban] urges the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to do all in their power to make this safe passage a reality, and to ensure the protection of civilians in accordance with International Humanitarian Law,” according to a statement issued by his spokesperson.The Secretary-General welcomed President Mahinda Rajapaksa”s announcement of safe passage for the trapped civilians but expressed continued concern for their welfare because of their proximity to the ongoing combat.Yesterday, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, issued a statement of alarm over rapidly deteriorating conditions in the area where the civilians are caught, involving casualties, alleged human rights abuses and massive displacement.Through day”s statement, Mr. Ban called on the LTTE to allow civilians in the conflict zone to move to where they feel most secure, including areas controlled by the Government. He also called on the Government to ensure that those civilians arriving from conflict areas are treated in accordance with international standards, including guarantees for their freedom of movement, provision of basic services, and full access to humanitarian agencies. “On its part, the United Nations stands ready to provide the necessary humanitarian assistance,” Mr. Ban”s spokesman stressed, underlining also the need for urgent steps toward a speedy and orderly end to the fighting. read more

What can Brown do for OSU

It has been awhile since Ohio State had a game-breaking return man.One could nominate Ted Ginn Jr. as the last fearsome returner Jim Tressel sent out to field kicks and punts. For the last few years, the enigmatic Ray Small delivered flashes of brilliance, but his career was more defined by off-the-field issues. However, OSU may have finally found its man.Corey Brown, a 6-foot tall, 180-pound recruit from Cardinal O’Hara High School in Springfield, Pa., is known for his speed and, like Ginn Jr., is a high school track star. Brown is an All-American sprinter who holds the Delaware County 200-meter record. He used that speed to become a gifted return man on the football field, an ability that could lead to early playing time, says Steve Helwagen of Bucknuts.com“I think he can potentially return some kicks and punts. Those positions are pretty much wide open,” Helwagen said. “[OSU] lost Lamaar Thomas who was their main kick returner and now DeVier Posey is [the kick returner] by default. I think Ohio State is looking for that game-changer and Brown is another guy in that mix.”The Under Armour All-American Game participant succeeded at multiple positions in high school, including seeing extensive time at running back. In spite of his success in the backfield, Helwagen envisions Brown switching to another position once he arrives in Columbus.“He’s a guy that can go in a lot of different directions, but I think he’ll start out at wide receiver,” Helwagen said. “Ohio State is really deep at wide receiver, so he’s going to really have to do well over the summer and do some big things. However, if there’s a position where you can [gain early playing time], it is wide receiver.”Brown did plenty of big things in high school. He was two-time All-State, three-time All-Philadelphia Catholic League and was named to the Philadelphia Daily News PCL All-Decade team. Furthermore, for his career, Brown had 3,000 yards rushing, 1,500 yards receiving and scored 50 touchdowns.Helwagen sees Brown settling in as a slot receiver, maybe even eventually as the team’s featured pass catcher. Nevertheless, the key for OSU is to get the ball in Brown’s hands and let him make something happen.“You envision him as a flanker or slot guy so he uses that speed to get off the ball quick and create separation on a deep pass or an underneath route,” Helwagen says. “You’ve got to get him the ball in space and let him [use his skills].”One thing Brown may have to acquire once practice starts is a nickname, as OSU has another Corey Brown on the roster. However, the Monroeville, Pa. native is a redshirt freshman cornerback, so as long as the incoming Brown stays on the offensive side of the ball, he should be safe. read more

Westminster suspect appears in court charged with attempted murder in alleged attack

Rooftop camera footage showed his Ford Fiesta mounting a pavement on the wrong side of the road before, witnesses said, it travelled around 40 metres (130ft) and hit a security barrier. A man has appeared in court charged with attempting to murder members of the public and police officers in an alleged attack outside Parliament.Salih Khater, 29, is accused of two counts of attempted murder following the incident in Westminster on Tuesday.The Sudanese-born British citizen arrived in an armoured police van at Westminster Magistrates’ Court on Monday morning. He was remanded in custody after a hearing lasting six minutes.Khater, of Birmingham, allegedly drove his vehicle into pedestrians and cyclists before swerving towards police officers.The car crashed into barriers outside the Palace of Westminster and Khater was arrested. Police said prosecutors will be treating his case as terrorism due to the method of the alleged attack, the targets selected and the high-profile location.Khater spoke only to confirm his name, date of birth, address and that he was British during the short hearing.His lawyer, Johanna Quinn, made no application for bail and chief magistrate Emma Arbuthnot remanded Khater in custody.Khater, who appeared in the dock wearing white trousers and a grey T-shirt, will next appear at the Old Bailey on August 31. Three people were treated for non-life threatening injuries after the incident.A major counter-terrorism operation was launched and police carried out searches at a number of properties. Police forensics officers near the car that crashed into a barrier outside ParliamentCredit:Eddie Mulholland for the Telegraph  An armoured police van arrives at Westminster Magistrates’ Court on Monday morningCredit:Leon Neal /Getty Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. Westminster police van Police forensics officers near the car that crashed into a barrier outside Parliament read more

9 Irish signs that should probably have been proofread

first_img1. This one advertising ‘homemade homos’ Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook2. This unappetising soup Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook3. This one whose writer needed a new pair Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook4. This one to confuse tourists Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook5. This one which is 100% correct Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook6. This lucrative offering Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook7. This troubling instruction Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook8. This worrying meal Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/Facebook9. And this tragic lunch. Source: Redundant Proofreaders Society/FacebookAll photos courtesy of the Redundant Proofreaders Society, who have set out to eliminate unfortunate incidents of vag soup around Ireland. Like them on Facebook to support their mission.The 11 funniest protest signs ever>What exactly does this road sign mean?>last_img read more

Mozilla SeaMonkey le couteau suisse de linternet passe en version 25 et

first_imgMozilla SeaMonkey, le couteau suisse de l’internet, passe en version 2.5 et 2.6 bêtaLe tout-internet-en-un SeaMonkey fait à la fois navigateur, gestionnaire de courriers électroniques, client IRC et éditeur HTML, passe cette fois en 2,5.Bien que moins rythmé que celui de son frère Firefox, le développement de SeaMonkey continue chez Mozilla. Vingt-quatre traductions le rendent largement accessible, que ce soit sur Windows, Mac OS X ou Linux. À lire aussiLa version finale de Firefox 13 débarqueLa 2.5 apporte un meilleur contrôle des extensions, une amélioration de la prise en charge du HTML5 notamment sur le plan des lectures audio et vidéo. Des accélérations hardware et un JavaScript plus rapide sont aussi au menu. La 2.6 bêta est également disponible. L’éditeur HTML se voit doté d’une fonction d’aperçu avant impression, le navigateur d’un module Do Not Track pour bloquer les publicités ciblées. Il est loin le temps ou Internet Explorer et Netscape se battaient en duel ! Les navigateurs sont foisons, parfois l’air de rien comme Dolphin ou Opera, mais offrent de vraies solutions alternatives aux mastodontes du domaine. Le 26 novembre 2011 à 14:15 • Maxime Lambertlast_img read more

Its official Real Madrid has just signed Brazilian starlet

first_imgReal Madrid have just completed the signing of Brazilian teenager Rodrigo Rodrigues from Gremio Novorizontino on a six-year contract deal.The 18-year-old will go into the Castilla squad after making a move that had been confirmed to by his former club president last September, according to AS.The Sao Carlos native is now free to move to Madrid, where he is expected to go straight into the Castilla side. However, the midfielder is set to link up with his compatriots Augusto Galvan and Vinicius in the youth ranks next season.“This is a dream for me to wear the shirt of the world’s biggest club,” he said.Sergio Ramos, Real MadridZidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.“This is the best club for me to develop as a player, I hope I can win plenty of trophies here and bring the fans a lot of joy,” he stressed.Rodrigo made his professional debut in 20017 at the age of 16, starting and providing the assist for Henrique’s goal in a 3–1 away loss against Santos and also joined Palmeiras on loan, being assigned to the under-17 squad.last_img read more

A Peek at Hearsts Digital Strategy

first_imgNEW YORK—Chris Wilkes admitted he was initially uncertain of how Hearst’s digital efforts would play out—he even made sure to keep his old job when he started his work on tablets.But now, more than three years after the launch of the company’s dedicated app lab, he’s overseeing the future of fulfillment.Wilkes, vice president of digital editions, magazines and apps for Hearst Magazines, spoke to a room of about 50 fulfillment professionals at the CDS Global Preferred Showcase at Hearst Tower on Tuesday. He described the company’s digital strategy that helped its tablet subscriber base pass the 1 million mark in March and add 400,000 readers year-over-year. “There’s a pretty good climb for a business that’s growing in importance for us,” he said. “It’s a new revenue stream, it’s a premium revenue stream, we do far less discounting in the digital magazine space, the [production] costs are less. It’s also creates more of a transition between print advertising and digital advertising. The economics of a digital magazine are superior to the economics of a print magazine.”Wilkes noted the company’s emphasis on “hot spots” that involve tapping and swiping on the tablet surface, video embeds, personalized special offerings and interactive advertising.Richard Dorment, senior editor of Esquire, described how his title specifically has implemented those features, as well as cross-platform initiatives, from the brand-level perspective.”The printed issue, website, apps and tablet edition all feed off of each other,” he said, “each expressing their own character, each serving a specific editorial need.”Dorment cited the annual Esquire Songwriting Challenge as an example of the intersection. The feature included a printed story, music videos, iTunes purchase options, mobile codes, and a tablet edition that encompasses it all.Those efforts have benefited the web, as well. Almost 10 percent of the company’s overall web traffic is now coming from tablets.The desktop-centric model started to change significantly in the winter of 2011, and has upped the pace since. It’s a pattern that’s largely mirrored the rise of tablet ownership, which, Wilkes noted, will surpass PCs by 2017.But for all the engagement opportunities online, the focus is still on the magazine. Wilkes noted that readers spend about 1.5 hours a month with a magazine, compared to just 10 or 15 minutes on their websites. “We’re starting to make meaningful dents in our overall traffic” he said. “And that changes the value proposition. These are free websites, so largely we’re monetizing them by putting ads adjacent to the content. And not just third-party ads that we charge for, but first-party ads for us to sell our own products.”To stay updated on the latest FOLIO: news, become a Facebook fan and follow us on Twitter!More on this topic Chris Wilkes At MPA Digital: Swipe, Publishers See Gains From Tablet Efforts Amazon Tablet Revealed: Kindle Fire Customer-Service Innovation Highlighted, Debated, at CDS Global Summit Avi Zimak Prepping for the Plunge Into Multiple DevicesJust In Four More Execs Depart SourceMedia in Latest Restructuring Editor & Publisher Magazine Sold to Digital Media Consultant Bonnier Corp. Terminates Editor-in-Chief for Ethics Breach BabyCenter Sold to Ziff Davis Parent J2 Media | News & Notes Shanker Out, Litterick In as CEO of EnsembleIQ TIME Names New Sales, Marketing Leads | People on the MovePowered bylast_img read more

Ananya Panday trolled with nepotism school jibe after spelling mistake

first_imgAnanya has recently launched her special initiative – So Positive – which would help people in tackling and reporting bullies on social media. Apart from giving her own direct line, she would also be sharing the numbers of councillors people in need can contact and speak to. And there have been reports of Suhana Khan lending a helping hand to bestie Ananya for this good deed since she also has a massive fan following.Ananya Panday was also in news for being close to Kartik Aaryan. Aaryan was spotted on a dinner date with ‘Student of the Year 2’ star Ananya Panday. The duo was spotted thrice enjoying dinner and drives in Mumbai. Talking about their dating rumours, Kartik Aaryan had said, “People say all sorts of things if we have lunch or dinner together. It was just one dinner. I find it strange to read such things about myself.”Ananya will next be seen in Pati Patni Aur Woh opposite Kartik Aaryan which also stars Bhumi Pednekar. Ananya PandayInstagramIt is quite common for all of us to overlook or miss-spell words but in the world of social media this doesn’t pass away that easily, especially if you are a celebrity. The same thing happened with newbie Ananya Panday where she was trolled for one spelling mistake.Ananya Panday recently shared a picture of herself with bestie Shanaya Kapoor and Suhana Khan and captioned the picture as ‘Charlie’s Angles’ instead of ‘Charlie’s Angels’, by mistake. Within half-an-hour of the post on Ananya’s Twitter handle, the internet had a field day trolling the young actress over it. Though Ananya corrected the caption and re-tweeted it, Twitterati was in no mood to spare the minor spelling mistake. From ‘nepotism school pass out’ to ‘student of the year’ jibe, Twitter mercilessly trolled Ananya Panday.last_img read more

Biman staff detained with 4kg gold

first_imgAirport Armed Police (AAP) arrested two traffic helpers of national flag carrier Biman along with 38 gold bars weighing around 4 kg from Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport on Saturday, reports UNB.Md Alamgir Hossain, additional superintendent of police on deputation with the AAP said the two Biman helpers-Emdad Hossain Chowdhury, 46, and Abdur Rahim, 35,-were detained along with the illegal consignment of gold just outside the Hanger Gate of the airport around 1:45pm.During preliminary interrogation, Emdad revealed that the gold consignment had arrived by a Thai Airways flight from Bangkok. Once it landed, several packages or containers were taken to the Import Cargo area, including those containing the gold bars.Emdad took the gold bars containing packets in his possession from the import cargo area, the Addl. SP said quoting Emdad.Emdad also said that Abdur Rahim helped him carry the gold consignment, Alamgir added.A case was filed with Airport police station.last_img read more

Before Uncle Sam the Symbol of the United States was the Goddess

first_imgThe capital of the United States is the “District of Columbia.” The capital city of South Carolina is Columbia. One of the most prestigious and oldest American universities is Columbia. One of the biggest movie companies in America is called Columbia. Have you ever stopped to ask yourself why? Who or what is this “Columbia” and why is our capital named after it? From the late 1700s to the early 1900s, the United States was mostly symbolized not by “Uncle Sam” nor the Statue of Liberty. Uncle Sam was not developed as a story/symbol until the end of the War of 1812 and did not become really popular until WWI.J. M. Flagg’s 1917 poster was based on the original British Lord Kitchener poster of three years earlier. It was used to recruit soldiers for both World War I and World War II. Flagg used a modified version of his own face for Uncle Sam, and veteran Walter Botts provided the pose.The Statue of Liberty was not dedicated until 1886. Of course, America has been symbolized by the Bald Eagle since 1782, but though the great bird fills in for America in a lot of ads, propaganda and other media, but a bird is not a “personification,” is it?Low angle view of Statue Of Liberty in Liberty Island, New York City, NY, USA.It may surprise you, but from pre-colonial times until WWI, the most popular personification of the American colonies/the United States was a woman – specifically, a goddess. Her name is Columbia, and she has a distinctly Roman look about her.This should not come as a surprise. For centuries, Europeans had looked back to the Roman Republic/Empire as a symbol of glory, unity, order, and believe it or not – peace. Rome was both the epitome of warrior culture and the enforcer of peace and unity. Nations that could successfully integrate Roman symbols into their national identity lent themselves an air of stability, glory, and power.Carte de visite c. 1866, featuring a woman dressed as Columbia and a man dressed as a Revolutionary War general.The Byzantine Empire was also called the “Eastern Roman Empire,” though its capital was at Constantinople (today’s Istanbul). Although for much of its history the Byzantines spoke and wrote Greek under the rule of Greek emperors, the government and military were Roman, and the empire was looked upon as the continuation of the Roman Empire.The Christian “Holy Roman Empire” begun under Charlemagne also borrowed much of its authority from Rome. The Pope is sometimes known as the “Vicar of Rome.” Latin is still the official language of the Catholic Church. Nations all over the world, especially in the West, have used Roman architecture and statuary as a template for their own buildings and monuments.Columbia at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific. Photo by MartinRe CC BY-SA 3.0In colonial and post-colonial times, the two European nations that America had the closest relationship to were Great Britain and France – sometimes for better, sometimes for worse. The Romans called Great Britain “Britannia” after its native Britons and centuries afterward, one of the symbols of the British Isles was a goddess-like figure with the same name. One of the most well-known patriotic songs in the world is “Rule, Britannia.”Personification of Columbia, from a Columbia Records phonograph cylinder package.After the French Revolution, when most French wanted to throw off all vestiges of the Old Regime, another Roman goddess rose up. This was “Marianne”– she was the symbol not just of France, but of the French Republic (which leaned heavily on Roman ideas of government), and the personification of the revolutionary ideals of Liberty Equality and Brotherhood.Bust of Marianne sculpted by Théodore Doriot, in the French Senate. Photo by Super sapin CC BY-SA 3.0Marianne was sometimes symbolized as a goddess, but also took on the appearance of “normal” French women to illustrate the notion that government derived its consent from the governed. Marianne is most often seen wearing a Phrygian cap — a red sock-like hat that takes its name a Greek (not a Roman) province. The Phrygian cap was seen as a representation of democratic government, and the polar opposite of the crowns worn by the French monarchy.6 World famous landmarks that are hiding something from the publicAmerica, being a new country, was based in the main not only by European culture but also by European ideas (including those of the French Enlightenment – which had its roots in ancient Rome). When George Washington went into retirement after the Revolutionary War (instead of becoming “king,” like some wished), he was called the “American Cincinnatus,” after the Roman Republican general who voluntarily gave up power in the 5th Century BC. He was again given this nickname after he walked away from the presidency after two terms, laying down power when he could have kept it.Columbia wearing a warship bearing the words ‘World Power’ as her bonnet (cover of Puck, April 6, 1901).The American continent was referred to as Columbia as far back as George III. The name is part of a language trend taking place at the time — “New Latin,” in which many European languages attached Latin endings or Latin sounds to words and places. Again, this was meant to lend them an air of authenticity, authority and age.Columbia with U.S. flag.France was also sometimes represented or referred to as “Gallia,” Switzerland is known as”Helvetia,” Ireland “Hibernia,” Scotland “Caledonia.” Portugal and Germany also have “Latin” alter egos: “Lusitania” and “Germania,” respectively. The Americas having been “discovered” by Columbus – the area became known poetically as “Columbia.” This also happened in the case of Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian map-maker whose first name became “America.”Personified Columbia in American flag gown and Phrygian cap, which signifies freedom and the pursuit of liberty, from a World War I patriotic poster.Columbia the symbol is most often seen dressed in a Roman toga, with a wreath of olive branches, or, in a bow to Enlightenment ideals, a Phrygian cap. Sometimes her toga is decorated in the colors of the American flag, but sometimes it is white – to represent “purity.”In political cartoons, paintings and drawings, Columbia might be seen in ragged or dirty clothes to symbolize a tough time that American is going through – and the dirt is sometimes on her gown to illustrate a particularly corrupt theme or era.Political cartoon from 1860 depicting Stephen A. Douglas receiving a spanking from Columbia as Uncle Sam looks on approvinglyIn times of war, Columbia was seen with a torn gown, and perhaps a “Captain America” type shield. During war, she was almost always seen with a broadsword in hand, one arm extended forward to exhort the U.S. population to great effort and sacrifice.In this role, she is often depicted as an ancient “Fury,” one of the ancient goddesses of punishment and retribution. Likewise, she is depicted as a Fury in political or social cartoons about correcting an injustice.After the Civil War and the Spanish-American War, Columbia was seen as a mother, welcoming her returning troops with open arms and affection. She also assumed this role in political cartoons if she was protecting the innocent or helpless, such as poor children, abused workers or immigrants.A defiant Columbia in an 1871 Thomas Nast cartoon, shown protecting a defenseless Chinese man from an angry Irish lynch mob that has just burned down an orphanage.At times of great national prosperity and/or pride, Columbia is seen as a shining white-clad beautiful goddess on a mountaintop. This is the symbol of Columbia Pictures.By the time of WWI, Columbia was used along with Uncle Sam to raise money, encourage men to draft and raise interest in all sorts of other wartime necessities. However, though she and Sam were victorious in WWI, by the 1920s Columbia had sort of faded out as a national symbol, supplanted by the more masculine and industrious Uncle Sam, and the figure of the Statue of Liberty. (Though “Lady Liberty” has much in common with Columbia, she is not the same representation.)Read another story from us: Woman who uncovered racism as reason for Japanese internment in U.S. diesIn the first part of the 20th century, American culture was changing. Women were getting the vote, and taking up some more traditional male occupations. An ideal, highly feminized figure was not what women wanted – this is much the reason why Rosie the Riveter of WWII fame was not Columbia in overalls, but a normal everyday woman – doing what was previously considered “mans work.”Matthew Gaskill holds an MA in European History and writes on a variety of topics from the Medieval World to WWII to genealogy and more. A former educator, he values curiosity and diligent research. He is the author of many best-selling Kindle works on Amazon.last_img read more

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